The effect of air pollution on skin and hair
What are the effects of air pollution on skin and hair?
Air pollution, like the sun’s harmful rays, damages our skin. Air pollutants cause premature skin aging, acne, skin cancer, allergies, skin darkening, etc.
Air pollution destroys the skin’s natural protective barrier and disrupts collagen production. The loss of collagen makes the skin wrinkled.
How does pollution affect the skin?
The skin pores size is between 50-70 microns, while the mentioned pollutants have tiny particles between 2.5 and 10 microns, so they can easily penetrate the deep layers of the skin and block them.
Pimples: Pimples and acne appear when the pores are blocked, and the layers of the skin are not moisturized, causing dryness and skin inflammation.
Wrinkles: Pollutants destroy the skin’s vitamins such as vitamins E and C, which are strong antioxidants, then the particles stick to the skin and damage the skin’s collagen fiber, and as a result, free radicals with a lack of collagen and antioxidant vitamins cause damage to the skin and cause wrinkles.
Spot: Air pollution causes a hole in the ozone layer, as a result, the harmful rays of the sun easily reach the surface of the earth, and because they have a high wavelength and energy, they cause a lot of damage to the skin, as a result, the skin gets sunburned and produces more pigments for defense. Therefore, spots and freckles will increase on the skin.
Long-term exposure to air pollution causes the following skin diseases and injuries:
- Skin aging
- Dark spots
- Open pores (orange peel)
- Dull and dry skin
- Pigmentation disorders
- Acne, blackheads, and small pimples
- Skin darkening or hyperpigmentation
- Skin Cancer
(Psoriasis) This disease causes thick red or silver spots on the skin.
Of course, our skin has a defense mechanism to deal with the effect of air pollution on the skin and creates a protective layer against it by secreting fat. But, considering the high level of air pollution, this mechanism alone is not enough.
With small and simple actions, we can prevent the bad effects of air pollution.
How to prevent the effect of pollution on the skin:
1. Drink water.
2. Avoid smoking
3. Eat foods containing antioxidants and healthy oils.
4. Wash your face before bed
5. Moisturize the skin from the inside.
6. Apply moisturizing cream.
7. Use a face mask at night.
8. Eat vitamin C.
9. Exfoliate once or twice a week.
10. Apply oil to your face.
Due to global warming and the damage to the ozone layer and the impact of the sun’s rays on the earth, as well as the formation of ozone gas and other pollutants on the surface of the earth, we must take susceptible care measures for our health as much as possible to protect ourselves damage factors.
Among the useful recommendations in the conditions of increasing air pollution, the following can be mentioned:
• Daily and regular bathing, cleans the pollutants and toxins deposited on the skin. Of course, for those who have dry skin or eczema, the number of carving snakes should be limited.
• Not leaving the home and work environment except in essential conditions
• Frequent and regular use of sunscreens and extending their application every three hours
• Wearing clothes with long sleeves and a closed collar and long pants along with covering the head with a hat or shawl in the case of men or a scarf and mask in the case of women along with the use of large sunglasses that cover the eyes well. The use of cotton gloves in these conditions is also among the risk-reducing factors.
• Avoid using cosmetic products such as blush and eye shadow and heavy and sticky powder creams
• Reduce or stop contact such as handshakes and kisses, or hugging or kissing children
• Regular head and face washing with soapy products or unscented shampoos
• Avoid using perfume and cologne, especially for those who have natural eczema or “atopy”.
• Avoid dyeing, blow-drying, or brushing the hair frequently in this condition.
Drink plenty of fluids and fresh dairy products. These foods can reduce the harmful effects of air pollution, especially lead suspended in the air. Milk, yogurt, nuts, and fruits containing vitamins C and A, such as citrus fruits such as oranges, sweet and sour lemons, kiwi, and fresh vegetables are effective ingredients in reducing the risk of air pollution.
Visit a dermatologist
If the problem of eyelash loss is severe, it is recommended to consult a skin and hair specialist. They can introduce you to specific tips and products to solve this problem.
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