Milia or Milk Spot- symptoms and treatment
What is milia or milk spot?
Milia are small white or yellow cysts, bumps, or spots on the skin. They are usually found around the eye area and cheeks but can appear anywhere on the face or body. It is very common for multiple milia to appear in clusters. Very common in newborn babies, they are often called “milk spots”. You should know that the appearance of these milia is similar to whiteheads. Still, whiteheads are very resistant to pressure, and unlike normal whiteheads, when squeezed, there is no output except for sores and inflammation caused by pressure. The reason is that this condition is often mistakenly referred to as something similar to hard or persistent whiteheads.
Unlike a pimple or blemish, milia are completely firm, almost like a small piece of sand under the skin, and are not red or inflamed as you might expect with a whitehead or acne-related blemish. Milia is not contagious or harmful in any way, but some people may not feel well about it, especially if they are on an area of skin that is highly visible, such as the face. Small milium cysts occur when keratin builds up under the skin’s surface. Keratin is a strong protein found in skin, hair, and nail tissue. Milia can sometimes take a long time to disappear naturally, but it can be professionally removed through a simple and quick procedure by a dermatologist.
Who is susceptible to milia?
Milia cysts can develop in any person with any skin color and at any age, especially in newborn babies. Of course, milium cysts and baby acne should be distinguished from each other.
Types of milia
There are five main types of milia:
Neonatal milia or “milk spots” are milia found in newborn babies. They are thought to be caused by sweat glands that are not yet fully developed and therefore easily blocked.
Primary milia can appear in children or adults. They can disappear without treatment, but among adults, they last longer and can often be permanent.
These occur in areas after injury or trauma. This milia model is thought to be caused by damage to the sweat glands in the affected area of the skin. These milia can also be the result of using certain types of creams.
En plaque milia
This is a rarer type of milia that occurs on a raised, inflamed area of the skin called a plaque.
Multiple eruptive milia
Another rare type of milia is in which clusters of milia appear over several weeks or months. This type of milia appears mostly on the face, arms, and upper half of the trunk.
Milia is usually not painful and is not harmful in any way. Some people may be very particular about the appearance of their skin and when they have milia, they try hard to push or remove the milia, which can cause inflammation, bruising or infection of the area due to this pressure because they do not come out like whiteheads. You may notice that there is a lot of milia in a certain area of your skin, which is very common and does not mean that the condition is spreading or contagious.
What is the main cause of milia?
Milia is a skin problem that can be caused by various factors. Below are the reasons that may cause milia to appear:
Excessive skin oil
Excessive production of oil in the skin can lead to milia. This is usually seen in people with oily skin or babies whose oil glands in their skin are not yet fully regulated.
• Use of fat-rich products
• Using skin care products that contain rich fats can clog the sebaceous glands and cause milia.
• Use of unhealthy sunscreen
• The use of traditional and inappropriate sunscreens that have fatty content and low-quality materials may lead to milia.
• Use of oily cosmetics products
• The use of oily and heavy cosmetics can lead to blockage of the fat glands in the skin and cause milia.
Avoid utilizing moisturizers
Sometimes not using a moisturizer or not cleansing the skin properly can block the sebaceous glands and cause milia.
Changes in hormone levels, especially during pregnancy, may increase sebum production in the skin and cause milia.
Contact with irritant materials
Skin contact with irritants and chemicals may cause milia.
Skin swelling and inflammation
Some skin conditions that lead to swelling and inflammation of the skin can put more pressure on the sebaceous glands and cause milia.
Note that for accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment, it is better to see a pharmacist or dermatologist.
Milia treatment methods at Irsa clinic in Iran
Milia, as we mentioned above, are commonly known as “milk spots” and may appear on the face, eyes, and even in other parts of the body. Treatment of milia may vary greatly and depends on the specific characteristics of each individual. Following are several treatment methods for milia:
Treatment of Milia with needles in Shiraz
In this method, which is performed by a dermatologist, the cysts are drained with very fine needles at Irsa clinic in Iran.
Use of products containing acids in Iran
Some products containing alpha hydroxy acids can help speed up the shedding of the outer layer of skin and clear blocked milia. These products usually contain glycolic or salicylic acid.
CO2 or Erbium lasers in Iran
CO2 or Erbium lasers may be considered as treatment options. These lasers can affect the outer layer of the skin and improve milia.
Steroid injection in Shiraz
In some cases, the doctor may use steroid injections to reduce the inflammation and size of the milia.
• Topical retinoid ointments
• These ointments contain vitamin A, which helps exfoliate the skin.
• Use of prescription drugs
The doctor may prescribe drugs that prevent fat production or drugs that quickly break down fat clots.
Using Microneedling in Iran
Microneedling is a new treatment method that uses tiny needles to enter the skin and stimulate collagen production and help improve skin structure.
This is done by liquid nitrogen. Cold destroys cysts.
heat therapy (diathermy)
Just as extreme cold destroys the cysts, extreme heat does the same.
Chemical peeling (carbon therapy)
Based on the doctor’s opinion, carbon therapy can also be used to eliminate milium cysts.
Another treatment method for this cyst is the use of laser therapy in Shiraz, which can be used to eliminate this skin condition.
Proper and permanent skincare in Iran is effective in eliminating milia, and if there is no improvement, be sure to see a doctor.
It is always recommended to consult a doctor specializing in skin and beauty for accurate diagnosis and treatment of milia. Because any interference or self-treatment may increase the problems.
Visit a dermatologist
If the problem of eyelash loss is severe, it is recommended to consult a skin and hair specialist. They can introduce you to specific tips and products to solve this problem.
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